Year 2 Maths Addition and Subtraction

Introduction #

The Year 2 Maths Addition and Subtraction workbook is crucial for mastering foundational math skills. Tailored to the curriculum, it focuses on addition and subtraction operations, helping students build confidence through engaging exercises. Whether at school or home, this workbook provides structured support for mathematical growth.

Objective #

By the end of the lesson, students will be able to confidently solve addition and subtraction problems using various methods and strategies.

Introduction (10 minutes):

  • Simplified Description: Start the lesson by discussing addition and subtraction. Explain that today, we’ll learn different ways to add and subtract numbers.
  • Warm-up Activity: Engage students with a quick mental math activity. Ask simple addition and subtraction questions orally to get their minds ready for the lesson.

Direct Instruction (15 minutes)

  • Simplified Description: Teach students different ways to add and subtract. Show them how to use objects, pictures, and numbers to solve problems.
  • Demonstration: Use manipulatives like counting cubes or pictures of objects to visually demonstrate addition and subtraction problems. Model different strategies for solving them.

Guided Practice (20 minutes):

  • Simplified Description: Work together to solve problems. Practice what we’ve learned in small groups.
  • Group Work: Divide students into pairs or small groups. Provide them with worksheets or manipulatives to solve addition and subtraction problems together. Encourage peer collaboration and discussion.

Independent Practice (15 minutes):

  • Simplified Description: Try it on your own! Complete some problems independently.
  • Worksheet Activity: Distribute worksheets with a mix of addition and subtraction problems. Encourage students to solve them independently, using the strategies they learned.

Closure (10 minutes):

  • Simplified Description: Let’s review what we’ve learned today.
  • Review: Recap the key concepts of addition and subtraction. Ask students to share one thing they learned or found interesting during the lesson.

Assessment #

  • Informal Assessment: Observe students’ participation during group and independent activities. Listen to their explanations of problem-solving strategies.
  • Worksheet Review: Check students’ completed worksheets to gauge their understanding of addition and subtraction concepts.

Extension Activities:

  • Math Games: Provide opportunities for students to play math games that reinforce addition and subtraction skills, such as “Around the World” or “Math Bingo.”
  • Real-World Applications: Connect addition and subtraction to everyday situations, such as sharing snacks or counting money.

By simplifying the lesson description and incorporating additional activities, teachers can create a more engaging and effective learning experience for Year 2 students.

Here are some math games suitable for Year 2 students to reinforce addition and subtraction skills:


1. Math Bingo: Create Bingo cards with addition and subtraction problems instead of numbers. Call out the problems, and students mark the corresponding answers on their cards. The first to get a line or full card shouts “Bingo!”
2. Race to 100: Students take turns rolling a dice and adding the number rolled to their current total. The first to reach 100 wins. You can adapt this game for subtraction by starting at 100 and subtracting the number rolled.
3. Math War: Divide a deck of cards evenly between two players. Each player flips over two cards and adds or subtracts the numbers to find the total. The player with the highest (or lowest) total wins the round.
4. Math Fact Memory Match: Create pairs of cards with addition and subtraction facts (e.g., 5 + 3, 8 – 2). Mix them up and lay them face down. Students take turns flipping two cards at a time, trying to make matches of equivalent expressions.
5. Math Scavenger Hunt: Hide cards around the classroom or outdoor area with addition and subtraction problems written on them. Students search for the cards and solve the problems. They can work individually or in pairs.
6. Math Relay Race: Divide the class into teams. Place two buckets at the front of the room with a pile of addition and subtraction flashcards next to each. One student from each team races to the buckets, selects a flashcard, solves the problem, and returns to tag the next team member.
7. Math Board Games: Use commercially available board games or create your own with a math twist. Students move their game pieces along the board by correctly solving addition and subtraction problems.
8. Math Puzzles: Provide students with puzzles or riddles that require them to use addition and subtraction to find the solution. For example, “I have 8 apples. I eat 3. How many apples do I have left?”

These games add an element of fun and interactivity to the learning process while reinforcing addition and subtraction skills. They can be used as part of math centers, as review activities, or as a reward for completing classwork.

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